The Inspection Test Plan for Civil Works is the fundamental document that governs and dictates all the testing that must happen for anυ civil engineering activities in a construction project. As I have previously mentioned, an ITP is a key document for quality management in a construction project and it will help organize all testing and inspections that must happen as per the design or the applicable standards.
ITP for Civil Works
An ITP for Civil Works should cover all concrete activities that are happening in a construction project, along with all necessary steps and documents that must be in place, in order to record the activities.
In the following Excel File, you can find an ITP that covers all concrete and civil works activities, including all necessary records and tests that must happen
Download the Inspection & Test Plan Template (ITP) for Civil Works – in Excel Format
An ITP may sound simple, but considering the complexity of modern construction projects, Quality Control on site can easily become a nightmare for any project.
ITP for Concrete Works
Pouring Concrete is one of the most common activity on any construction project so it must be controlled properly through a robust quality control regime and documentation. I have personally used this Concrete ITP in many construction project in the UK and in Europe but I have modified to suite pretty much every concrete activity in the world.
It goes without saying that you must change it and modify lots of things in the document to suite the specific project, the country/region you are planning to use it and also any other design or even Client constraints that my exist in your case.
Overall, it inlcudes 49 Inspection and Test activities for prepouring, for fresh concrete, for post pouring and even records and handover steps.
I have no doubt that this ITP satisfies any civil works and concrete works happening in any Construction Project.
How do you create an Inspection and Test Plan?
In order to create a good ITP in construction industry (here is the ITP Template Excel) you must know the applicable specifications, standards, regulations and design for that specific element, section or works. The ITP must also include all the following items:
- the item/activity that will be checked/inspected/tested (e.g.concrete strength)
- the document that requires this item to be checked (usually it is in the contract or design specification / standard)
- the document that according to, this item will be inspected/tested (usually a standard or a statutory requirement)
- the kind of inspection that needs to be performed (visual inspection, document approval etc)
- the frequency that this inspection needs to be performed (e.g. for concrete slump test = once for every track)
- the objective criteria/tolerance parameters that will determine if the inspection or test for that activity has passed or failed
- the kind of document that will be prepared and saved as a record of pass or failure (usually a signed-off form,a checksheet, a testing machine print-out, a photo or a report etc)
- if this record needs to be a deliverable, meaning that it needs to be kept and handed over to the Client at the end of the Project as part of the As-Built Folders
- the responsibilities of every party involved (Contractor, QC Engineer, Client’s Representative etc) which can be a Hold POint, a Witness Point, a Review Point etc
- Download the NCR Template for Construction Projects
- Download the Quality Toolbox Talk in Construction
- Download the Construction Audit Checklist (41 Questions)
- Download the Construction Quality Toolbox Talk Presentation (32 Slides)
- Download the Quality Policy for Construction Companies & Projects
- Download the NCR Dashboard for Construction Projects
- Download the ITP for Civil & Concrete Works
The responsibilities usually simplified with a codified system of responsibilities as following:
H= Hold Point (the party has to perform this check and it needs to be successful in order to proceed to the next stage of the construction)
W= Witness Point (the party e.g. Client has to be informed that a test is being performed but its presence and signature is not obligatory to move on to the next stage)
R= Review Point (the party has only to review the record/document that the check has been done and it passed)
It is extremely important that the Inspection and Test Plans for an activity or even for the whole Project have been agreed with the Client because the compliance (or not) of the works can easily lead to claims and compensation events costing millions at the end of the project.
A classic example of inspection in construction projects is Concrete pouring where all parties basically need to witness it and inspect it.
In many cases, an Inspection and Test Plan is also attached to a Method Statement (RAMS) or more often it is submitted for approval along with the relevant Method Statement to avoid situations where it’s forgotten to be submitted. I have personally found this to be extremely effective till everyone gets into the habit of issuing the ITPs on time on any project.
Why do we need a Inspection Test Plan?
The ITP (Inspection & Test Plan) is the main document that clarifies the responsibilities for quality control inspections in a construction project and it’s also required by many construction contracts and Clients around the world. Without an ITP there is no defined quality control plan on and off site and there is usually confusion in regards what the standards and the requirements are in terms of compliance. Moreover, the ITP is the document that specifies what records will need to be kept up for the handover of the project to the Client.
Who prepares an ITP?
The ITPs are usually prepared by the teams who are responsible to deliver the activity or in other words the construction teams on site. As a rule of thumb, the Inspection & Test Plans are prepared by the same people or teams who are usually preparing the Method Statements (or RAMS). The ITP usually needs to be reviewed by the Quality team on a project and sometimes by the Designer and the Client as well.
A well structured ITP for Civil Works will help the activities on site, it will give clear instructions to the Quality Control professionals and inspectors and finally become a great tool for the completion of the handover as-built packages at the end of the project. All Concrete Activites are generally very strictly regulated and a robust ITP will support massively the record keeping and handover of any succesful project.